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解决爬虫网站混淆JS跳转的问题

发布时间:2020-04-17 09:29:24

有些网站,防止被爬虫采集,就会做一层js跳转,普通请求只会拿到js部分,而且很难看懂,然后我试了几种思路,最后留下解决方式:

示例网站:http://huakai.waa.cn/  这是一个发卡平台,是黑灰产的一种售卖羊毛资源的地方。

如果直接请求该页面会得到:

window.onload=setTimeout("bx(105)"200); function bx(WA) {var qomo=""no="",
oo = [0xba,0x0a,0x7f,0xd1,0x22,0xab,0x04,0x64,0xc9,0x19,0x4c,0x61,0xc3,0x2a,0x90,0x64,
  0xce,0x2b,0x8b,0x93,0x37,0x55,0x8b,0xd7,0x37,0x07,0x69,0xd0,0x21,0x85,0x83,0xd4,
  0x39,0x9e,0x00,0x6f,0xcf,0xd7,0x35,0x49,0x5d,0xbc,0xcc,0x21,0x81,0xc0,0x13,0x2f,
  0x83,0xe3,0x38,0x95,0xf6,0x56,0xba,0xa8,0xbc,0x1a,0x2e,0x32,0x2f,0x3d,0x9c,0xa8,
  0xb7,0x35,0x92,0xf1,0x1a,0x2e,0x3f,0x91,0xf3,0x08,0x30,0xda,0xe9,0xfc,0x0d,0x1b,
  0x56,0x7e,0x89,0xe8,0xfb,0x7b,0xdf,0xf7,0x04,0x64,0x66,0xc3,0xd7,0xe3,0xff,0x4c,
  0x58,0x6c,0x77,0x87,0xfa,0x09,0x66,0x8e,0x92,0xe2,0xf2,0x03,0x20,0x22,0xfb,0x09,
  0x1a,0x28,0x37,0x44,0x51,0x6b,0x8e,0xee,0xbf,0x0b,0x5e,0xba,0x0c,0xaf,0x10,0x52,
  0x6a,0x9c,0xb0,0x05,0x54,0x7b,0x9e,0x8f,0xa0,0xae,0xc6,0x0b,0x2f,0x72,0xc3,0xeb,
  0xff,0xf9,0x06,0x29,0x3d,0x50,0x99,0xa2,0xb2,0xce,0xd7,0x2c,0x3f,0x4c,0x6f,0xad,
  0x43,0x8b,0xba,0xc4,0xe7,0x29,0x88,0xee,0x47,0xab,0x71,0xdd,0x33,0x4b,0x70,0xe4,
  0x33,0x97,0xfb,0x11,0x4b,0xad,0x03,0x1d,0x40,0xd6,0x2a,0x8e,0xdd,0x39,0xfc,0x05,
  0x2b,0x49,0x53,0x04,0x27,0x75,0xd1,0x37,0x90,0xef,0x46,0x94,0xb9,0x21,0x90,0xe6,
  0x49,0x99,0x93,0xfb,0x5c,0xb1,0x01,0xb2,0xd7,0x3f,0x95,0xf7,0x72,0xd6,0x26,0x82,
  0xe8,0x04,0x69,0x71,0xe0,0x37,0x18,0x7a,0xca,0x23,0x83,0x1b,0x80,0xcf,0xe4,0x15,
  0xb1,0xe2,0xc6,0x3b];qo = 
  "qo=242; do{oo[qo]=(-oo[qo])&0xff; oo[qo]=(((oo[qo]>>4)|((oo[qo]<<4)&0xff))-126)&0xff;} while(--qo>=2);";
   eval(qo);qo = 241do { oo[qo= (oo[qo- oo[qo - 1]) & 0xff; } 
   while (-- qo >= 3 );qo = 1for (;;) { if (qo > 241breakoo[qo= ((((((oo[qo+ 81& 0xff+ 117
   & 0xff<< 4& 0xff| (((((oo[qo+ 81& 0xff+ 117& 0xff>> 4); qo++;}po = ""for (qo = 1qo 
   < oo.length - 1qo++if (qo % 5po += String.fromCharCode(oo[qo^ WA);eval("qo=eval;qo(po);");}


看上去毫无头绪。

首先是尝试,带上完整请求:

curl 'http://huakai.waa.cn/' -H 'Proxy-Connection: keep-alive' -H 'Pragma: no-cache'
-H 'Cache-Control: no-cache' -H 'Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1' 
-H 'User-Agent: Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; Win64; x64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/73.0.3683.103 Safari/537.36'
-H 'Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3' 
-H 'Referer: http://huakai.waa.cn/' -H 'Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate' -H 'Accept-Language: zh-CN,zh;q=0.9' 
-H 'Cookie: Hm_lvt_076005c31490ab6d3c03b39335e4bdb8=1554694360,1554694554; 
yd_cookie=439b11e8-078b-4a1f1637e66aa901ed6ee4e8396bb5cdf82fPHPSESSID=qb6of6f0fueq7g8gvi326f3fk7youkeusername=a16798cb80a2b7de74b035b58464a8e0;
Hm_lpvt_076005c31490ab6d3c03b39335e4bdb8=1556269667_ydclearance=f1d5aec9aefbda1f117d94fd-1cc1-4057-8d0a-9ef19991857f-1556362746' --compressed

这个只是由chrome中复制该条请求的curl的自动命令,等于重新发次请求,会发现,这个请求缺可以正常拿到页面内容。

因此初步分析是请求头字段影响,逐个排查,发现各种字段只有cookie缺失了,就会触发返回js。

再逐个排查cookie中哪个的效果。会发现是:_ydclearance 字段的作用,这时候可以用下命令,即可

curl 'http://huakai.waa.cn/' -H 'Cookie:  _ydclearance=95b847720b0792bf33cfd2ba-b5f2-403a-be3b-b3522a041fd6-1556272401;'

但是,第二天复查发现,该cookie已经失效了,再次返回js。

仔细看下js,会发现,他是进行了一个延时后调用bx(105)函数,完成后刷新页面,换句话说,得进行这个js的计算即可。

可以参考用 pip3 install js2py

js2py.eval_js(a)

硬解开这个js,但是我就用了个小技巧。因为cookie可用1天。

我就是用phantomjs 延时5秒,让他自己完成这个js的计算后,再用这个生成好的cookie来配合直接请求使用。

使用的phantomjs 代码为下,将其保存为res.js ,执行如下命令即可获取源码

phantomjs res.js http://huakai.waa.cn/

res.js :改编自:https://github.com/luyishisi/Anti-Anti-Spider/blob/master/9.phantomjs/get_page_Source_Code/request.js

var page = require('webpage').create(),
   system = require('system'),
   address;
address = system.args[1];
//init and settings
page.settings.resourceTimeout = 30000 ;
page.settings.XSSAuditingEnabled = true ;
//page.viewportSize = { width: 1000, height: 1000  };
page.settings.userAgent = 'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.1; WOW64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/37.0.2062.120 Safari/537.36';
page.customHeaders = { 
   "Connection" : "keep-alive",
   "Cache-Control" : "max-age=0",
   "Accept""text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/webp,*/*;q=0.8",
   "Accept-Language""zh-CN,zh;q=0.8,en;q=0.6",
};
page.open(addressfunction() {
 console.log(address);
 console.log('begin');

       }); 
//加载页面完毕运行
page.onLoadFinished = function(status) {
 setTimeoutfunction(){
    //add your code
 console.log('Status: ' + status);
 console.log(page.content);
 phantom.exit();
}, 5 * 1000 );
};





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